Thanks to Surfshark for sponsoring this video! Get Surfshark VPN at and enter promo code adamragusea for 83% off and 3 extra months for free!

Thanks to Dr. Laura Clews, patent attorney at Mathys & Squire:

J. Kenji Lopez Alt’s recent video where he discussed the provenance of the reverse sear method:

Nestlé’s main 2015 patent application for their hollow sugar invention:


  1. "unfortunately copyright does not extend to statements of mere facts"

    Yep, unfortunately, guess why most people hate layers, this is it. You consider the fact that a simple statement: the sky is blue, cannot be copyrighted and walled of from everyone else with a paywall, checked and regulated by layers unfortunately.

  2. You can look up a recipe on Google and find that 99% of all recipes follow certain rules, because many cooking processes have been around for decades. There are only so many ways you can make edible pancakes, so nearly all recipes for all but the most esoteric are very similar.

  3. IP lawyer here – I'm always terrified when I see someone in the non-legal media wander into a discussion of IP law. Even major newspapers & media outlets get these things wrong all the time. But, of course, Adam got just about everything right. Well done!

  4. hopefully Adam sees this because I guarantee he’s bound to have an opinion on this lol

    It reminds me how many guitar pedal builders who invent a brand new circuit design can’t copyright their circuit designs. For example, Bill Finnegan and his famous Klon Centaur. Considered to be one of the greatest and most polarizing pedals in the guitar community, his design was unique when Bill and his MIT engineer helped create the circuit. He even Gooped (black epoxy resin) the circuit board so people couldn’t copy it. Eventually, the Goop came off, the circuit was leaked online, and Mr. Finnegan’s design was copied by countless builders, such as JHS Klone, RYRA The Klone, Ceriatone Centura, and the EHX Soul Food. While Bill Finnegan is undoubtedly important to guitar pedals, he can’t receive money for his design while many companies profit off he and his engineers’ design.

  5. NO! You are talking about the old US Patent Law.
    The patent application instantly confers protection.
    18 months is when the application is published.
    This did not stop the Jelly Sandwich being patented in the US: US6004596A ! (& oters)
    The inventor should be mentioned in the field Inventor [75].

  6. I…dunno, I mostly would want to share my recipe if I came up with something really good. in large part because…doing the trademark, or what ever is too much hassle and effort. better to just enrich the world with my idea.

  7. It's a massive… misrepresentation to say that either A) Thomas Edison actually invented anything he didn't (at least mostly) steal, or that B) anyone "independently" invented the incandescent light bulb. Both those dudes were iterating on previous work with bulbs of light. Edison probably stole his iterations, as with most other things he "invented", but either way they (and almost all other "novel" inventors) were standing on the shoulders of their predecessors, but one was a thief. Like how Alexander Graham Bell almost definitely didn't invent the phone, but basically stole it. This is a fairly accurate correlate to how most recipes work. They're either straight-up stolen, recreations, or variations on a theme.
    I'm also fairly certain that Kenji has noted precursors to his own independent invention of the reverse sear going back to the 1800s. If it wasn't him, then it was someone discussing him… It's hard to remember where you learned a thing because the involves remembering twice as much info…


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